Basic dietary modifications may decrease cancer danger, boost life-span

A brand-new research study that included more than 50,000 individuals over a period of 2 decades concludes that consuming flavonoid abundant foods might stave off illness and extend life.

Woman looking for vegetables

A research study probes the link in between polyphenol intake and death.

A considerable amount of research study has concentrated on the role of nutrition in disease danger and mortality.

In spite of growing interest, it is an infamously tough subject to study for a variety of factors, and drawing reliable conclusions about how food effects particular health outcomes is challenging.

Although it is apparent that food is important to our survival, diving deeper into the details of how single compounds impact disease and mortality in human beings is hard.

With that said, scientists have now securely and scientifically established that eating more vegetables and fruit is connected with reduced cardiovascular and total death risk.

Nevertheless, exactly how vegetables and fruits safeguard health is less well understood; although a wide variety of nutrients are most likely involved, lots of scientists believe that flavonoids play a significant part.

The flavonoid household

Flavonoids are a class of chemicals called polyphenols. They are present in a range of health foods, including fruits, veggies, dark chocolate, red wine, and tea.

These compounds have 6 subclasses:

i. flavonols

ii. flavan-3-ols

iii. flavanones

iv. flavones

v. anthocyanins

vi. isoflavones

Each of these has the potential to affect the body in various methods and to various degrees.

Recently, a group of scientists from Edith Cowan University in Australia set out to examine if these substances really can extend life and protect health.

The paper, which now appears in the journal Nature Communications, details their findings.

The authors write that their main objective was to "examine the association of overall flavonoid and flavonoid subclass intakes with all cause, [cardiovascular illness] -associated, and cancer-related death."

The researchers also wanted to see how lifestyle elements such as drinking alcohol and smoking tobacco impacted the benefits stemmed from flavonoids.

Flavonoid research

Earlier studies investigating flavonoids produced fascinating results. In short-term studies, they appear to improve certain markers of cardiovascular health. Other papers have explained a potential anticancer role for flavonoids.

Although earlier research study has meant advantages, there are considerable gaps. As the authors of the new study explain:

" Evidence from observational studies is incomplete; research studies on cancer death are scarce, and additional research is required to develop the specific role of flavonoid subclasses and to figure out the dose of total and particular flavonoids required to accomplish maximum benefit."

To investigate, the scientists took information from the Danish Diet, Cancer, and Health friend. In total, 56,048 grownups participated. Throughout the 23-year followup, 14,083 of the individuals died.